Debt and Financial Vulnerability on the Verge of Retirement
Annamaria Lusardi, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Noemi Oggero
Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking | Volume 52 | No. 5 | August 2020
We analyze older individuals’ debt and financial vulnerability using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and the National Financial Capability Study (NFCS). In the HRS, we compare three groups of people age 56-61 in 1992, 2004, and 2010, to assess cross-cohort changes in debt over time. Two waves of the NFCS (2012 and 2015) are employed to gain additional insights into debt management and older individuals’ capacity to shield themselves against shocks. We conclude that recent cohorts hold more debt and face more financial insecurity in retirement than in the past. This will render them particularly vulnerable to forecasted interest rate increases.